大宗商品(Commodities)是指可进入流通领域，但非零售环节，具有商品属性并用于工农业生产与消费使用的大批量买卖的物质商品。在金融投资市场，大宗商品指同质化、可交易、被广泛作为工业基础原材料的商品，如原油、有色金属、钢铁、农产品、铁矿石、煤炭等。包括3个类别，即能源商品、基础原材料和农副产品。 Commodities refer to basic goods that can be circulated but they are not categorized as part of the retail industry as they are natural resources that are used for industrial, agricultural production and consumption and can be bought and sold in large quantities. In the financial investment market, commodities are uniform across producers and tradeable where they are widely used as industrial raw materials, such as crude oil, non-ferrous metals, steel, agricultural products, iron ore, coal and so on. Commodities fall into three categories: energy, precious metal and agricultural by-products.
大宗商品的特点 Characteristics of Commodities
只有商品的价格波动较大，有意回避价格风险的交易者才需要利用远期价格先把价格确定下来。 When commodity price fluctuates greatly, traders who wish to avoid price risks only need to use forward pricing to secure the price.
期货市场功能的发挥是以商品供需双方广泛参加交易为前提的，只有现货供需量大的商品才能在大范围进行充分竞争，形成权威价格。 Futures market is based on the premise whereby both commodities’ suppliers and demanders participate in the transaction extensively. Only commodities with large supply and demand in stock can fully compete in a larger scale and form authoritative prices.
期货合约事先规定了交割商品的质量标准，因此，期货品种必须是质量稳定的商品。 The futures contract stipulates the quality standards of the delivered commodity beforehand. Hence, the commodities being agreed in the futures contract must have stable quality.
商品期货一般都是远期交割的商品，这就要求这些商品易于储存，不易变质，便于运输，保证期货实物交割的顺利进行。 Commodity futures are agreements to buy or sell a raw material at a specific date in the future at a particular price. Therefore, the commodities involved in futures should be able to store easily, does not deteriorate easily and easy to transport.
为何投资大宗商品 Why Invest in Commodities?